Arguably, Anatolians have been living in peace for about 2000 years. Twice they’ve  lived

through mass chaos, first when the social order collapsed after the fall of the  Roman empire in

the 12 th. C, and then when the Mongols invaded. The Balkans and The ME were experiencing

a similar chaos at the same time.

 

A Century after the Mongol invasion Turkic tribes began settling in Anatolia.  They brought with

them a unique cultural style and religious understanding. The first organized tribe to arrive was

the Selcuk Turks who settled around Konya.

 

They established a new order in Anatolia, but over time it began to break down. One hundred

years after their arrival their administration was replaced by the Ottoman tribe, who we call

Osmanlı, or Ottoman.

 

Lack of order and securıty caused conflict to grow amongst the many ethnic groups: Asyrians,

Greeks, Jews, Armenians, Turkmen, etc..  at the time the Osmali came to Anatolia. The

Ottomans needed to establish control, so tolerance and acceptance was decreed and the

vehicle was Sufi Islam and their Dervishes from Mıddle Asia.

 

The Sufis scholarly interpretation of İslam focused on inner spritüal development and its sects

included alewi, nakshi. And Bektashi.

 

The Ottomans emancipated Greeks and Serbian serfs from feudalism and instated an order for

limited self-determination.  The Dervıshes helped develop and support  this new social order

with consent of the people.

 

The Prophet  Muhammad ‘s grandchildren were called Sayyid  and were maltreated by the

Amawi arabs; they were persecuted and suppressed by Amawi power. They were sheltered by

Turks who were living in middle Asia, and it was they who influenced the spreading and

understanding of Islam.

 

In today’s Turkey Anatolian Islam prevails despite the secular reformation, distortion caused by

mixing politics and Islam, and the influence of salafist. We may mention the four pillars of

Anatolian Islam which include the Madressa (religious schools), Tariqats (Sufi institutions), local

religious leaders, and islamic associations and foundations. But these 4 pillars are being

threatened by a growing dependence on internal political and foreign affairs, such as salafism,

heterodoxy, political incompetence and corruption.

We need to defend Anatolian İslam from post-modern radical religious elements that are

spreading through the public imagination and affecting our reality.

A.Tarık Çelenk

1961 Erzurum doğumlu. Haydarpaşa Lisesi ve İ.T.Ü’yü bitirdikten sonra Deniz Kuvvetleri Komutanlığında subay olarak nasıp edildi. 1999 yılında Binbaşı rütbesinde istifa etti. Özel sektör ve İSKİ’de yönetim kurulu üyesi olarak çalıştı. 2005-2011 arası Ekopolitik düşünce kuruluşu ile Çatışma çözümleri ve Musul Vilayeti üzerine teorik ve saha çalışmaları yaptı. 2013’de Akil İnsanlar gurubunda görev aldı. 2018-2019 arası Vakıfbank Kültür yayınları kuruluşunda görev alıp Genel Yayın Yönetmenliği yaptı. Türk Sağının Düşünce Atlası kitabını yayınladı.

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